Geology

See also:
Earthquakes
Palaeontology
Shale gas
Volcanology

Geology.com
Geological Society of London
Geological Society of America
Student membership of the GSA
GSA undergraduate resources
GSA Geophysics Division
GSA Planetary Geology Division
American Association of Petroleum Geologists the world's largest professional geological society
Association of American State Geologists
Colorado Scientific Society
The Vug: Mineral and Lapidary Clubs and Organizations sorted by state
Vug Shows
Geological Time Line printable
Geological Societies, Associations etc
Major chronostratigraphic and geochronologic units: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet
2009 Geologic Time Scale Geological Society of America
Geological Time
Geology Wing, Berkeley
Geological Time, Berkeley
International Association for Obsidian Studies
Obsidian Information
Obsidian Artifacts Reveal Secrets of Ancient Travel Routes and Trade X-ray fluorescence can determine the exact geological source of an obsidian spearpoint
Science Daily
Crystal Cave of Giants, Mexico
Crater of Diamonds, AR
Rockhounding Arkansas
Central Arkansas Gem, Mineral and Geology Society
Northwest Arkansas Gem and Mineral Society
Amazon Geology Community
Nature of Earth: An Introduction to Geology course on DVDs
Ouachita Mountain geology links
Earth Science
Online university
GeoWebinars
The geology of Walton-on-the-Naze
Geological Guide to Walton-on-Naze, Essex
Fossils Direct UK
Death Valley Borax and other borates
Blanchard Springs Caverns AR
Waterfall Hunting in AR
Stone County Tourist Guide
Blanchard Springs Waterfall
Grand Canyon Geology Laramide orogeny
San Andreas Fault Map - Zoom in for a Closer Look!
sanandreasfault.org
The San Andreas Fault, by David K. Lynch, Ph.D
Top 5 Beautiful Scenic Areas of Danxia Geomorphy in China
Burgess Shale
Average Salary and Career Outlook for Geologists
Maars and Phreatic Eruptions A maar is a volcanic crater that forms when magma contacts ground water to produce a steam explosion
Rift! Geologic Clues to What's Tearing Africa Apart - David Hilton

Gabbro
Bowen's reaction series
Olivine
Pyroxene
Orthoclase Alternate names are alkali feldspar and potassium feldspar
Pegmatites
Xenolite in Syenite outcrop at Bauxite, AR
QAPF diagram Wikipedia
QAPF diagram
Rocks and Minerals of Arkansas
Dolomite
Making the Himalaya: oozing, squashing or sliding?

Subject: project: interesting sites Sent: October 13, 2011 4:29 PM From: Josephine Pogue To: Christopher Butterworth(cjb11); Tim Green(tag1); Gregory Johnson(gbj2); Austin Miles(alm53); Benny Smith(bjs19); Anitra Van Prooyen(anv2) CC: 1. http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/103/ 2. http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/stratoguide/helenfact.html 3. (for basic information about volcanoes) http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/natural-disasters/volcano-profile/ 4. (pictures and information we can use for power-point) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/mount-st-helens-30th-anniversary-before-after-science-environment-pictures/ 5. (lots of information) http://wiki.ask.com/Mount_St._Helens 6. (fun volcano facts) http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/earth/volcano.html 7. (trivia) http://www.mtsthelens.com/mt-st-helens-trivia.html 8. (fun trivia) http://www.funtrivia.com/en/subtopics/Mount-St-Helens-88823.html
Vermilion Cliffs National Monument, AZ
The Wonders of Bryce Canyon National Park

Universities

MIT: Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences
Kansas State University Department of Geology
Free Online Geology Courses From Top Universities

Books

Elements of Geology Sir Charles Lyell, Bart., F.R.S., (1871)
"Roadside Geology" series
Teach Yourself Geology, at Amazon UK for £6.39
The New Penguin Dictionary of Geology, at Amazon UK for œ6.39
Introduction to Geological Structures and Maps, at Amazon UK for œ10.99
The Map That Changed the World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology, at Amazon UK for £9.09 or Amazon USA





Strato of Lampsacus
Strabo
Lyell, Charles. 1830. Principles of geology, Vol I
Lyell, Charles. 1830. Principles of geology, Vol II
Lyell, Charles. 1830. Principles of geology, Vol III
101 American Geo-Sites You've Gotta See
Earth's Natural Resources, by John Walther $128
Earth Resources and the Environment (4th Ed), Craig $123
Earth Resources and Environmental Impacts, by Kieran D. O'Hara $101
52 Things You Should Know About Geology 18/11/13 - $19

Maps

US Topo: A New Generation of Maps from US Geological Survey
World Map of Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Impact Craters, and Plate Tectonics


Equipment

Rock Hammers, Crack Hammers and Chisels
Rock Kits - Rock Collections

Gold Pans and Gold Panning Kits

Geology Museums

Wikipedia
Virtual Geology Museum
Colorado School of Mines Geology Museum CO facebook
Smithsonian DC
Idaho Museum of Mining and Geology ID facebook
The Field Museum Geology Department IL
Fryxell Geology Museum IL facebook
Illinois State Museum Geology Section IL facebook
WIU Museum of Geology IL
Johnston Geology Museum KS
W. G. Burroughs Geology Museum KY
The Mineralogical & Geological Museum at Harvard University MA
Edward L. Clark Museum of Missouri Geology MO
The Dunn-Seiler Geology Museum MS
North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences NC
Rutgers Geology Museum NJ facebook
The Silver Family Geology Museum NM
New York State Museum NY
A. Scott Warthin Museum of Geology & Natural History NY
Karl E. Limper Geology Museum OH facebook
Orton Geological Museum OH
Carnegie Museum of Natural History: Benedum Hall of Geology PA
The Bob Campbell Geology Museum SC facebook
Geology Museum of South Dakota SD facebook
Museum of Geological Sciences VA
Perkins Geology Museum VT
Geology at the Burke WA
University of Wisconsin Geology Museum WI facebook
Mini-Museum of Geology and Natural History WV
Casper College Tate Geological Museum WY facebook
UW Geological Museum WY facebook
The Lapworth Museum of Geology Birmingham facebook
National Museum of Wales Cardiff
The Cockburn Geological Museum Edinburgh facebook
UCL Geology Collections London
Oxford University Museum of Natural History Oxford
Rotunda William Smith Museum of Geology Yorkshire
PME Geological Museum British Columbia
Miller Museum of Geology Ontario
Fundy Geological Museum Nova Scotia facebook
Geological Museum Copenhagen
Geology Museum, University of Otago New Zealand
Virtual Museum of Geology Oman
Victoria’s geology Melbourne
Stephen Hui Geological Museum Hong Kong facebook

Careers

Petroleum Geologist Careers: Salary Information & Job Description
Geologist Salaries and the Economic Slowdown
Salary Wizard: Geologist I
Salary Wizard: Petroleum Geologist I
Forbes 15 Most Valuable College Majors - No 7: Geology Mid-Career Median Pay: $83,300
Shale boom to fuel 1.5 million jobs by 2015, study says - Jun 13, 2012

Geology News

The Roots of Green Gems: Scientists Chemically Pinpoint Emerald Origins - 27/01/00
Scientists break emerald myths - 28/01/00
Seafloor 'chimney' recovered - 10/05/00
World's deepest rocks recovered - 22/05/00
Scientists witness birth of new island - 24/05/00
Rock City: Capitalizing on collection of strange, big stones - 22/05/00
Giant crystal cave discovered - 12/06/00
Rocks reveal ancient tides - 05/10/00
Continental shifts 'will push Britain into Arctic' - 12/10/00
Ancient crystal questions Earth's history - 11/01/01
Scientists identify oldest known solid on Earth - 11/01/01
Mineralogical Research Co
Museum's rock collection was highly radioactive - 17/02/01
Ancient sea floor slab said to be a big geologic find - 11/05/01 The discovery of the so-called Dongwanzi ophiolite pushes back by 500 million years the known beginning of plate tectonics
Giant lava lake found - 22/05/01
Fossilised rain drops found in India - 15/12/01
Massive jade deposit unearthed in Guatemala - 23/05/02
Earth's diamond days are over - 09/09/02
Carbon burial experiment works - 10/09/02 UK geologists say efforts to store carbon dioxide under the North Sea so it cannot contribute to global warming have been a success
World's 'oldest' volcanic rocks - 05/12/02 almost four billion years old, in northern Quebec
Is the Earth preparing to flip? - 27/03/03 the wanderings of the magnetic north pole
Everest rock map published - 23/05/03
The millimetre men - 04/06/03 Britain is drifting to the North East at 2-3cm per year
Earth's core simpler than thought - 28/01/04
Early life thrived in lava flows - 22/04/04
Geological time gets a new period - 17/05/04 The Ediacaran Period covers some 50 million years of ancient time on our planet from 600 million years ago to about 542 million years ago
North Pole 'was once subtropical' - 07/09/04
UK map 're-drawn' by geologists - 19/05/05
Earth's core runs ahead of crust - 26/08/05
Geologists witness 'ocean birth' - 08/12/05
Fossil gives clue to big chill - 21/04/06
Scientists probe 'hole in Earth' - 01/03/07
UK impact crater debate heats up - 30/03/07
Giant crystals enjoyed perfection - 05/04/07 With lengths over 11m, the giant gypsum crystals found in Mexico's Cueva de los Cristales are a great natural wonder
Megaflood 'made Island Britain' - 18/07/07
Geology Pictures of the Week, Jan. 28 - Feb. 2, 2008: Waterfalls and Rockfalls
Lava left its mark on Grand Canyon - 15/02/08
Natural 'Invisible' Gold Found In Nanoparticles - 24/06/08
Geological mapping gets joined up - 31/07/08
Did iron cyclones give Earth a wonky core? - 11/08/08
Study: Earth's magnetic field is changing - 18/08/08
Oldest rocks on Earth found in northern Canada - 25/09/08
Drillers break into magma chamber - 17/12/08
Ocean monster shows hidden depths - 28/05/09
Early rocks to reveal their ages - 07/06/09
New study closes in on geologic history of Earth's deep interior - 15/06/09
End of an era: New ruling decides the boundaries of Earth's history - 22/09/09 the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), has formally agreed to move the boundary dates for the prehistoric Quaternary age by 800,000 years
Atomic Particles Help Solve Planetary Puzzle - 10/11/09 UALR
Oceanic crust formation is dynamic after all - 25/11/09
Mediterranean Sea filled in less than two years: study - 09/12/09
Europe's Goce satellite probes Earth's gravity - 24/12/09
A rare glimpse of the cave of crystals - 19/01/10
Nepal and China agree on Mount Everest's height - 08/04/10
African rocks record ancient magnetic field - 04/05/10
Breakthrough Achieved in Explaining Why Tectonic Plates Move the Way They Do - 15/07/10
Arctic rocks may contain oldest remnants of Earth - Aug 11, 2010
Scottish rocks record ancient oxygen clues - 10/11/10
Rare Earth Elements in US Not So Rare - 17/11/10
Gradients in the Earth's outermost core - 08/12/10
Gravity satellite yields 'Potato Earth' view - 31/03/11
The last 3 million years at a snail's pace: a tiny trapdoor opens a new way to date the past - 04/08/11
A Billion Year Old Piece of North America Traced Back to Antarctica - 08/08/11 GSA
A billion-year-old piece of North America traced back to Antarctica - 08/08/11 PhysOrg
Microfossils of sulphur-metabolizing cells in 3.4-billion-year-old rocks of Western Australia - 21/08/11
Fossil microbes give sulphur insight on ancient Earth - 22/08/11
Magnetic mysteries of Earth's Core - 30/08/11
Meteorites delivered gold to Earth - 08/09/11
Scientists to create artificial volcano for climate change experiment - 14/09/11
Erosion
Fracking tests near Blackpool 'likely cause' of tremors - 02/11/11
Underground cave system links Yorkshire, Lancashire and Cumbria - 15/11/11
Gamburtsev 'ghost mountains mystery solved' - 17/11/11
Pole flips tied to plate tectonics - 19/11/11
Undersea mountains march into the abyss - 06/12/11
Metal undergoes novel transition under extreme pressure - 20/12/11
Loch Ness is giant 'spirit level' - 03/01/12
Impossible crystals are 'from space' - 03/01/12 Quasicrystals have been found in rocks from Russia's Koryak mountains
Vermilion Cliffs, Arizona - 24/01/12
America and Eurasia 'to meet at north pole' - 08/02/12
Goce gravity data traces Moho boundary - 12/03/12
Coral Links Ice Sheet Collapse to Ancient 'Mega Flood' - 03/04/12
Can California's 'desert miracle' be saved? - 24/04/12 the Salton Sea
The Charyn Canyon, considered the "little brother to the Grand Canyon"
Patterns from space: beautiful satellite images of river deltas around the world
Rapid Sierra Nevada uplift tracked by scientists at the University of Nevada, Reno - 03/05/12
New Astronaut Photo Highlights Impact Crater - 08/05/12
The Grand Canyon’s other side - 09/05/12
Rise and fall of underwater volcano revealed - 13/05/12
Campaigners' anger over agency's shale gas report - 29/05/12
Vietnam’s colossal cave Hang Son Doong might be the world’s largest subterranean cavern
video - the legacy of copper mining and Arizona - 03/06/12
Global resources stock check - 18/06/12
China warns its rare earth reserves are declining - 20/06/12
Oldest known impact crater found - 28/06/12
Oman’s underground playgrounds - 02/07/12
Landslide in Canadian British Columbia caught on camera - 16/07/12
Earth as Art: beautiful satellite images of Earth from the Landsat programme - 26/07/12
China cuts mines vital to tech industry - 08/08/12 rare earths
Cascadia Subduction Zone: Two Contrasting Models of Lithospheric Structure The subduction of the Juan de Fuca plate beneath North America changes markedly along the length of the subduction zone, notably in the angle of subduction, distribution of earthquakes, volcanism, geologic and seismic structure of the upper plate, and regional horizontal stress
Travelwise: The planet’s pristine waters - 10/08/12
New Geological Map of Arizona - using Google Maps
Tibetan Plateau may be older than previously thought - 16/08/12
China Increases Rare Earth Export Allocations to 3-Year High - 22/08/12
San Andreas Fault Map - Zoom in for a Closer Look!
Using terrestrial LiDAR to map and evaluate hazards of Coronado Cave, Coronado National Memorial, Cochise County, AZ - 20/08/12
The Facts Behind the Frack - 08/09/12
Local Man Finds Explosive Test Crater - 18/09/12 Google Maps
Mapping new worlds - 21/09/12 Volunteer spelunkers and local researchers are mapping new portions of Mammoth Cave, in Kentucky
Earth is undergoing true polar wander, scientists say - 01/10/12
The $1 billion mission to reach the Earth's mantle - 02/10/12
Exploring Peru’s epic Colca Canyon - 15/10/12 nearly twice as deep as the US’ Grand Canyon
An extremely brief reversal of the geomagnetic field, climate variability and a super volcano - 16/10/12
Lethally Hot Temperatures During the Early Triassic Greenhouse - 19/10/12
Lorca earthquake 'caused by groundwater extraction' - 22/10/12
Fracking 'exploitation' report dismissed by energy department - 01/12/12
Desert Air: an extraordinary view from above - 07/12/12
Canyons and cliffs in the US Southwest - 21/02/13
Fragments of ancient continent buried under Indian Ocean - 24/02/13
White cliffs of Dover suffer large collapse - 15/03/13
Salt causes chalk cliffs to collapse - 19/04/13
Oldest water on Earth found deep underground - 15/05/13
The North Pole moves as ice sheets melt - 15/05/13
How ancient collision shaped New York skyline - 06/06/13
Study reveals ancient jigsaw puzzle of past supercontinent - 04/07/13
New idea tackles Earth core puzzle - 09/07/13
Israel's mysterious ‘Grand Canyon’ - 12/07/13
Sinkholes: When the Earth Opens Up - 12/07/13
Newly discovered flux in the Earth may solve missing-mantle mystery - 16/07/13
John Milne: Isle of Wight's earthquake science pioneer - 31/07/13
Jigsaw puzzle of tectonic plate patterns detailed - 12/08/13
Huge canyon discovered under Greenland ice - 29/08/13
Photographer Annette Price explores a Welsh silica mine - 09/09/13
Deluxe Hardness Picks by Mineralab
Five-fold rise seen in UK landslides - 12/09/13 2012 was the second wettest year on record
Map traces UK's elemental signature - 24/09/13
Atmospheric oxygenation three billion years ago - 25/09/13
New evidence suggests Earth's oxygen levels fell after the Great Oxidation Event - 01/10/13
New ideas for how Earth core formed - 11/10/13 Scientists from Stanford University have shown that iron metal will flow through rocks 1,000km beneath our feet.
Earth's crust was unstable in the Archean eon and dripped down into the mantle - 30/12/13
Atlas Mountains in Morocco are buoyed up by superhot rock, study finds - 02/01/14
Granite research revises heat under Perth's surface - 02/01/14
Grand Canyon 'formed recently' - 26/01/2014 New research suggests that most of it was put in place just five to six million years ago
Is there an ocean beneath our feet? - 27/01/14
Tramin (Termeno), Italy: a very dramatic rockfall - 29/01/14
Crystal is 'oldest scrap of Earth crust' - 24/02/14 The tiny 4.4-billion-year-old zircon was found in sandstone in the Jack Hills region of Western Australia
Imperial College Rock Library Glossary: Syenite
Knob Lick & Syenite Area
Tectonic Puzzle: Why West Africa Didn't Follow South America - 11/03/14
Mineral hints at bright blue rocks deep in the Earth - 12/03/14 Ringwoodite is only thought to form between 410km and 660km beneath the Earth's surface
Tiny diamond impurity reveals water riches of deep Earth - 12/03/14 a grain 40 micrometres across that turned out to be ringwoodite — a high-pressure form of olivine
Geologic Hazards in Colorado
Becoming a Geologist: Skills You Need I get many letters from geologists with B.S. degrees asking for advice on their stalled-out careers. I can’t stress this enough: Commit yourself to both B.S. and M.S. training, and you won’t be limited in your career!
Petroleum Geologist Salaries
Oil and gas salaries average $130,000: Canadian Survey US: $111,800
From today, the Earth is around 60 million years older—and so is the Moon - 10/06/14
Researchers find link between amount of silica in subduction zones and frequency of 'slow' earthquakes - 19/06/14
Recent Advances in Understanding the Geology of Diamonds
Earth-Building Bridgmanite - 17/06/14
Mysterious giant hole appears in Siberia - 16/07/14
Sandstone shapes 'forged by gravity' - 21/07/14
Mysterious Louisiana Sinkhole Drains Entire Lake
How the mining downturn has affected Geologist salaries in Canada - 23/09/14
Mysterious Colorado rock formation may be result of 'natural fracking' - 29/09/14
Putting the gee-whiz in geology - 29/09/14
GeoTripper
Mountain Beltway
America’s 'ringing' rock arches recorded - 17/12/14
Earth's 25 biggest turning points - 23/01/15
Amazing time-lapse film of national treasure - 03/02/15 Incredible short film of the stunning Vermilion Cliffs National Monument in Arizona
The 15 most amazing landscapes and rock formations - 05/02/15
Heart of Earth's inner core revealed - 09/02/15
Canyon carved by three short, savage floods - 10/02/15
Baroid Mine (Chamberlain Creek Barite Mines), Chamberlain Creek Valley, Magnet Cove, Hot Spring Co., Arkansas, USA
At last, geologists have a theory about why Denver and High Plains are a mile above sea level - 17/03/15 one for Dr MacMillan
William Smith: Seminal geology map re-discovered - 23/03/15
Fluorescent Minerals
Map Shows Content and Origins of the Nation’s Geologic Basement - 23/04/15
A new chapter in Earth history - 11/05/15
Scotland’s Verbose Expounditor of Geological Logorrhea - 03/06/15 James Hutton (1726-1797), Scotland’s most celebrated geologist, had a way with words. A rather awful way with words. But his scientific brilliance is uncontested.
Mining exploration spending in Australia hits decade-low - 01/06/15
Monday Geology Picture(s): Bogenfels Rock Arch, Sperrgebiet, Namibia - 22/06/15
Letter to Editor PREDICTED COLORADO EPA SPILL One Week Before Catastrophe=> So EPA Could Secure Control of Area - 12/08/15 Free Republic
Dallol Volcano and Hydrothermal Field - Jul 2013 One of the world's strangest volcanic landscapes is located 269 feet below sea level in the Danakil Depression of Ethiopia
How we know what lies at Earth's core - 14/08/15
Tectonic Model Shows North America May Once Have Been Linked to Australia or Antarctica - 16/08/15
Huge cliff collapse in Dorset caught on camera - 10/09/15
National Parks by Plate Boundary Type
Ancient crystal suggests life on Earth appeared 4.1 billion years ago - 20/10/15
The gigantic 'crack in the earth' in Wyoming: Landslide in the Big Horn Mountains causes canyon-like gash - and it could get even bigger - 30/10/15
Mystery of heat loss from the Earth's crust has been solved - 23/12/15 The first discovery of a new type of hydrothermal vent system in a decade helps explain the long observed disconnect between the theoretical rate at which the Earth's crust is cooling at seafloor spreading ridge flanks, and actual observations. It could also help scientists interpret the evidence for past global climates more accurately.
New Study Zeros in on Plate Tectonics’ Start Date - 22/01/16 Tang et al. Archean upper crust transition from mafic to felsic marks the onset of plate tectonics. Science
Geologists discover how Australia's highest mountain was created - 16/03/16
Global chronostratigraphical correlation table for the last 2.7 million years
Building stones of London
Massive Ancient Tectonic Slab Found Below the Indian Ocean - 06/04/16






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